A compendium of research articles about microgreens, indoor growing, and nutrition

This first research article is the one most quoted when talking about the nutrients found in microgreens:

http://www.otc.umd.edu/news/news_story.php?id=6938 Wang and Xiao found that microgreens contain four to 40 times more nutrients than their mature counterparts

https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2017/apr/microgreens/ USDA article on minerals in microgreens

https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.048996Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Mortality Results From 2 Prospective Cohort Studies of US Men and Women and a Meta-Analysis of 26 Cohort Studies

_______________________________________________________________________________

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/jf300459b Assessment of Vitamin and Carotenoid Concentrations of Emerging Food Products: Edible Microgreens 3

http://horticulturejournal.usamv.ro/pdf/2015/art69.pdf INSIGHTS INTO MICROGREENS PHYSIOLOGY

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12134711/ The role of carotenoids in human health

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3997530/ The Role of Vitamin E in Human Health and Some Diseases

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5362588/ Broccoli Microgreens: A Mineral-Rich Crop That Can Diversify Food Systems

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0889157516300448 Microgreens of Brassicaceae: Mineral composition and content of 30 varieties

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0889157514001513 Comparison between the mineral profile and nitrate content of microgreens and mature lettuces

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20043255/ Natural phenolic compounds from medicinal herbs and dietary plants: potential use for cancer prevention

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272356648_Amaranth_sprouts_and_microgreens_-_a_homestead_vegetable_production_option_to_enhance_food_and_nutrition_security_in_the_rural-urban_continuum Amaranth sprouts and microgreens – a homestead vegetable production option to enhance food and nutrition security in the rural-urban continuum

https://faseb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1096/fasebj.30.1_supplement.431.8 Lipids and Cholesterol-Lowering Activity of Red Cabbage Microgreens

http://aas.bf.uni-lj.si/julij2010/05janovska.pdf Evaluation of buckwheat sprouts as microgreens

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3550953/ Changes in phenols contents from buckwheat sprouts during growth stage

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3915300/ J Agric Food Chem. Polyphenols in brassica microgreens Author manuscript; available in PMC 2014 Nov 20.

Published in final edited form as: J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Nov 20; 61(46): 10960–10970. Published online 2013 Nov 5. doi: 10.1021/jf401802n

Microgreen and Dietary Research articles

https://www.ars.usda.gov/news-events/news/research-news/2017/science-confirms-you-really-should-eat-your-brassica/

https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2017/apr/microgreens/

https://agnr.umd.edu/news/mighty-microgreens

https://www.ars.usda.gov/news-events/news/research-news/2017/eat-your-greens-microgreens-that-is/ – weight

ttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5362588/ – minerals, sustainability

Video with researcher included: https://wjla.com/features/7-on-your-side/microgreens-considered-super-vegetables-81088

https://www.deccanherald.com/specials/like-fresh-herbs-try-microgreen-gardening-760432.html

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/09/210928075004.htm Children who eat more fruit and veggies have better mental health Date: September 28, 2021 Source: University of East Anglia, UK

https://uonews.uoregon.edu/archive/news-release/2012/5/begin-early-researchers-say-water-meals-may-encourage-wiser-choices research by T. Bettina Cornwell of the University of Oregon and Anna R. McAlister of Michigan State University. Drinking water with meals increases vegetable consumption

https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/downloads/fruits-vegetables/2018/2018-fruit-vegetable-report-508.pdf 2% of teens eat enough vegetables, “Poor diet quality is a leading risk factor associated with death and disability in the United States.1,2 Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables as part of an overall healthy diet can help protect against a number of serious and costly chronic diseases, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity”

Additional interesting information and articles:

The following references were posted in nsf, referenced and tagged on July 11, 2018.

J. Ray, “APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR A HYDROPONICS SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED GROW LIGHTS,” 10 11 2017. [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/apparatus-and-methods-for-a-hydroponics-system-with-integrated-grow-lights/.
K. Sleight, “Five Basic Survival Needs of Human Beings,” 08 10 2014. [Online]. Available: https://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental/articles/123273.aspx.
E. O. Wilson, The Future of Life, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.
S. Bovshow, “GROW MICRO GREENS AND WHEATGRASS INDOORS IN 10-14 DAYS,” [Online]. Available: http://foodiegardener.com/grow-micro-greens-and-wheatgrass-indoors-in-10-14-days/. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
A. Story, “How Much Can Container Farms Really Grow?,” [Online]. Available: https://medium.com/bright-agrotech/how-much-can-container-farms-really-grow-d315a1029571. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
European Commission – Agriculture and Rural Development, “Agriculture and Pesticides,” [Online]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/envir/pesticides_en. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
M. Rozenfeld, “Indoor Farms Could Revolutionize Agriculture,” IEEE, 23 05 2016. [Online]. Available: http://theinstitute.ieee.org/technology-topics/life-sciences/indoor-farms-could-revolutionize-agriculture. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
G. Jabusch, “Indoor Farming Will Feed the Next Economy,” Worth, 26 05 2017. [Online]. Available: http://www.worth.com/indoor-farming-will-feed-the-next-economy/. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
MarxFood, “FRESH SWEET BASIL,” [Online]. Available: https://www.marxfoods.com/Fresh-Sweet-Basil. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
J. Arnold, “Indoor Hydroponic Farming: Costs and Profits [without the fluff],” 31 01 2017. [Online]. Available: http://blog.zipgrow.com/indoor-hydroponic-farming-costs-profits. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
T. Seba, “Clean Disruption – Energy & Transportation,” Colorado Renewable Energy Society (CRES), 09 06 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2b3ttqYDwF0. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
N. Mattson, “Growing Hydroponic Leafy Greens,” Greenhouse Product News, [Online]. Available: https://gpnmag.com/article/growing-hydroponic-leafy-greens/.
ZeroSoil Gardens, “Hydroponics Garden Size,” [Online]. Available: http://zerosoilgardens.com/hydroponics-garden-size/. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
Maximum Yield, “The Effects of LEDs on Plants,” 01 12 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.maximumyield.com/the-effects-of-leds-on-plants/2/1332. [Accessed 23 06 2018].
E. Darko, P. Heydarizadeh, S. Beniot and M. R. Sabzalian, “Photosynthesis under artificial light: the shift in primary and secondary metabolism,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society – Biological Sciences,no. 10.1098/rstb.2013.0243, p. 7, 2014.
T. Han, V. Vaganov, S. Cao, Q. Li, L. Ling, X. Cheng, L. Peng, C. Zhang, A. Yakovlev, Y. Zhong and M. Tu, “Improving “color rendering” of LED lighting for the growth of lettuce,” Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 45944, 2017.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Cooling the Lights,” 21 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/cooling-lights/.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Weather Damage,” 27 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/weather-damage/.
C. Kubota, “Chieri Kubota – Video on Optimizing Plant Performance,” SciTechReports YouTube channel, 11 06 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/chieri-kubota-video/.
C. Kubota, “Supporting Letter – Chieri Kubota,” [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/supporting-letter-chieri-kubota/.
J. Warner, “Tiny Microgreens Packed With Nutrients,” WebMD, 31 08 2012. [Online]. Available: https://www.webmd.com/diet/news/20120831/tiny-microgreens-packed-nutrients#1. [Accessed 25 06 2018].
Cree, “Cree XLamp CXA 3070 LED Data Sheet,” [Online]. Available: http://www.cree.com/led-components/media/documents/ds-CXA3070.pdf.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Light Coverage,” [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/light-coverage/.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Microgreens – Market Rate,” [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/microgreens-market-rate/.
J. Nelson and B. Bugbee, “Economic Analysis of Greenhouse Lighting: Light Emitting Diodes vs. High Intensity Discharge Fixtures,” PLoS ONE, 06 06 2014. [Online]. Available: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0099010.
M. Bourget, “An Introduction to Light-emitting Diodes,” HortScience December 2008 vol. 43 no. 7 1944-1946, 12 2008. [Online]. Available: http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/43/7/1944.full.
R. Morrow, “LED Lighting in Horticulture,” HortScience December 2008 vol. 43 no. 7 1947-1950, 12 2008. [Online]. Available: http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/43/7/1947.full.
K. Inada, “Action spectra for photosynthesis in higher plants,” Oxford Academic Plant and Cell Physiology, Volume 17, Issue 2, 1 April 1976, Pages 355–365, 01 04 1976. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a075288.
K. Cope, C. Snowden and B. Bugbee, “Photobiological Interactions of Blue Light and Photosynthetic Photon Flux: Effects of Monochromatic and Broad‐Spectrum Light Sources,” Wiley Online, 26 12 2013. [Online]. Available: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/php.12233.
M. Johkan, K. Shoji, F. Goto, S. Hahida and T. Yoshihara, “Effect of green light wavelength and intensity on photomorphogenesis and photosynthesis in Lactuca sativa,” Elsevier Environmental and Experimental Botany Volume 75, January 2012, Pages 128-133, 16 09 2011. [Online]. Available: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847211001924?via%3Dihub.
D. Craig and E. Runkle, “A Moderate to High Red to Far-red Light Ratio from Light-emitting Diodes Controls Flowering of Short-day Plants,” JASHS May 2013 vol. 138 no. 3 167-172, 05 2013. [Online]. Available: http://journal.ashspublications.org/content/138/3/167.full.
Z.-C. Yang, C. Kubota, P.-L. Chia and M. Kacira, “Effect of end-of-day far-red light from a movable LED fixture on squash rootstock hypocotyl elongation,” Elsevier Scientia Horticulturae Volume 136, 1 March 2012, Pages 81-86, 01 03 2012. [Online]. Available: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423811006698?via%3Dihub.
G. Massa, H.-H. Kim, R. Wheeler and C. Mitchell, “Plant Productivity in Response to LED Lighting,” HortScience December 2008 vol. 43 no. 7 1951-1956, 12 2008. [Online]. Available: http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/43/7/1951.full.
Z. Xiao, G. Lester, Y. Luo and Q. Wang, “Assessment of Vitamin and Carotenoid Concentrations of Emerging Food Products: Edible Microgreens,” American Chemical Society Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2012, 60, 7644−7651, 18 07 2012. [Online]. Available: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/download/59409/PDF.
A. Berezow, “UV Light Adds Flavor To Out-Of-Season Greenhouse Tomatoes,” American Council on Science and Health, 19 09 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.acsh.org/news/2016/09/19/uv-light-adds-flavor-out-season-greenhouse-tomatoes-10185.
M. Dzakovich, M. Ferruzzi and C. Mitchell, “Manipulating Sensory and Phytochemical Profiles of Greenhouse Tomatoes Using Environmentally Relevant Doses of Ultraviolet Radiation,” J. Agric. Food Chem., 2016, 64 (36), pp 6801–6808, 26 08 2016. [Online]. Available: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b02983.
L. McLean, “LED lighting systems augment the sun’s rays,” Ag Innovation Ontario, 06 04 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.hortidaily.com/article/25418/LED-lighting-systems-augment-the-sun%E2%80%99s-rays.
K. McCree, “THE ACTION SPECTRUM, ABSORPTANCE AND QUANTUM YIELD OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN CROP PLANTS,” Agricultural Meteorology- Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, no. 9: 191-216., 1970.
M. Schreiner, I. Mewis, S. Huyskens-Keil, M. Jansen, R. Zrenner, J. Winkler, N. O’Brien and A. Krumbein, “UV-B-Induced Secondary Plant Metabolites – Potential Benefits for Plant and Human Health,” Taylor & Francis Online – Journal Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences p 229-240, 01 05 2012. [Online]. Available: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07352689.2012.664979.
Markets and Markets, “Vertical Farming Market worth 5.80 Billion USD by 2022,” Markets and Markets, [Online]. Available: https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/PressReleases/vertical-farming.asp. [Accessed 25 06 2018].
A. Dieleman, “The far-red trial at a commercial company has started,” Wageningen University & Research, 19 12 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.wur.nl/en/Research-Results/Research-Institutes/plant-research/show-wpr/The-far-red-trial-at-a-commercial-company-has-started.htm.
C. Kubota, A. Kroggel, A. Both, J. Burr and M. Whalen, “Does supplemental lighting make sense for my crop? – empirical evaluations,” in ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1134: VIII International Symposium on Light in Horticulture, East Lansing, 2016.
T. Eguchi, R. Hernandez and C. Kubota, “End-of-day far-red lighting combined with blue-rich light environment to mitigate intumescence injury of two interspecific tomato rootstocks,” in ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1134: VIII International Symposium on Light in Horticulture, East Lansing, 2016.
K. Garcia and C. Kubota, “Flowering responses of North American strawberry cultivars,” in ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1156: VIII International Strawberry Symposium, Quebec City, 2017.
M. Kroggel and C. Kubota, “Controlled environment strategies for tipburn management in greenhouse strawberry production,” in ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1156: VIII International Strawberry Symposium, Quebec City, 2017.
T. Kozai, C. Kubota, M. Takagaki and T. Maruo, “Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production,” in ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1107: XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping, Brisbane, 2015.
C. Michell, M. Dzakovich, C. Gomez, R. Lopez, J. Burr, R. Hernandez, C. Kubota, C. Currey, Q. Meng, E. Runkle, C. Bourget, R. Morrow and A. Both, “Light-Emitting Diodes in Horticulture,” in Horticultural Reviews: Volume 43, 2015.
C. Kubota, P. Chia, Z. Yang and Q. Li, “Applications of far-red light emitting diodes in plant production under controlled environments,” in Acta Horticulturae Volume 952 p 59-66, 2012.
C. Kubota, “Environmental control technologies to improve greenhouse product quality,” in Acta Horticulturae Vol. 952 p 843-852, 2012.
R. Hernandez and C. Kubota, “Tomato seedling growth and morphological responses to supplemental LED lighting red: Blue ratios under varied daily solar light integrals,” in Acta Horticulturae Vol. 956 p 187-194, 2012.
I. Ivanova, “Farmers in America are killing themselves in staggering numbers,” CBS News – Moneywatch, 26 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/american-farmers-rising-suicide-rates-plummeting-incomes/.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “COB LED Array,” 26 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/cob-led-array/.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Vint Cerf on Sensor Feedback for Optimized Growing Potential,” [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/vint-cerf/.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Quantum Wavelength Measurement,” 14 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.net0ag.com/blogs/post/Quantum-Wavelength-Measurement/.
NetZero // Urban Agriculture, “Sales Projections,” 27 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://hq.net0ag.com/sales-projections/.